Programmable Chip EEG

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Revision as of 23:40, 5 August 2007 by 85.25.140.211 (Talk)

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Contents

The Programmable Chip EEG

Welcome to the PCEEG Wiki, where everyone can add to this EEG brain-computer interface!

PCEEG, What it is and why it can be the best

  • This can be used for a brain-computer interface with biofeedback using a flex sensor or servo to detect fingure movements.
  • To reduce noise in the readout of the analog part of this circuit, a common-mode feedback is passed back into the body by the driver right leg circuit, for example, 60Hz noise from nearby A/C power wiring.
  • The analog signal prossesing board will digitise the signal and pass the data to the control board. The control board is based on the PIC18 which will, further process the signals, and provide an interface to a computer.

Status

We currently have a (preliminary?) circuit design and a (prelimary) PCB layout. We are using EAGLE CAD to draw the scematic.

Hardware Overview

Here is a diagram of how the analog signal processing boards and the microprocessor board will come together. Pceeg.jpg Here is how the analog signal prossesing board will come together. Newpceeghddesign.png

Great cows basic and a 18 series pic would work well and be quick to implement. Also that allows for a complete open source system...

ESD Protection in 1168

Chips have been chosen that fallow the human body model of esd protection this can be seen in the 1168 datasheet.

Description of How it Works

The daughter signal prossesing board is responcible for filtering and digitising the signals from the body, then the signals are passed to the control board that is the motherboard. The motherboard then can pass the signal to a larger computer.

The differential analog signal is amplified by the instramentation amplifier. Then the signal is digitised by a analog to digital converter. The a/d converter has aproxamitly 20 bits acuracy so the signal does not have to be conditioned or filtered as much.

The common mode signal is inverted summed and sent back to the body to decrese common mode signal thsi is done by the driver right leg circuit.

Then the analog signals are simultaniously digitized and the digital values can be clocked to the controler motherboard.

The controler board that is the mother board of the system and the signal prossesing daughter boards plug into is the PIC18 useing great cows basic.

How You Can Help

  1. . get the tools

Software Tools

  • We are using LT switcher CAD to draw the scematic. This also is a SPICE Simulator used to analize the amplifier design.
  • EAGLE CAD is being used to create the first PCB surface mount is used to save space.
  • Maxima a computer algebra system s used for graphing and math displays.
  • SPI interface for a/d converters
  • linear switcher cad schematic drawing from PCEEG technology applied to the Open EEG design with improvements.
  • GEDA tools may be a option for opening this design to a wider audience.

Parts used in the PCEEG:

To reduce noise in the readout of the analog part of this circuit, a common-mode feedback is passed back into the body by the driver right leg circuit. Band reject filter may also be used (to reject, for example, 60Hz noise from nearby A/C power wiring).

The analog signal prossesing board will digitise the signal and pass the data to the control board. The control board is based on the UBW which will, further process the signals, and provide an interface to a computer & lcd display.

News

The design is switching to EAGLE CAD, because the auto-router is excellent for open-source productivity. It will allow the design to evolve faster and with less work with a wider selection of PCB Manufacturers.

Here is a picture of the PCEEG being done in EagleCAD. Eagle sample.GIF The eagle cad file is here Media:PCEEGHD.zip

The ideas and monkey to robot arm interface by Miguel Nicolelisis very inspiring. He used implanted electrodes to monitor and allow monkeys to control a robot arm as if it was their own. Could the PCEEG do the same with its electrodes on the scalp. Only the future will show.

Open Source Circuit Design

Open source (public) results!

PHP will be used to create a database of users and what they sample and choose to share with the open source community.

The database will give statistical analysis on users recordings.

Also the extension of SETI called BIONIC could be used as a distributed library creation of artifacts and data mining.

Please contribute and make the PCEEG a great tool for researching brain computer interfaces.

A/D Converters

The programmable chip EEG needs an A/D converter to convert the analog signal (at the output of the instrumentation amplifier) into digital bits. We expect this project to require at least 20 bit ADC.

(In 2007-02, some one claimed "We expect this project to require at least 20 bit ADC." -- why? Many people (*) do EKGs with only 10 bit converters.)


  • $12.00 The ads1255 by ti is a great a2d converter it has programmable gain and digital low pass filtering with 24 bits of resolution 30KSPS. It is a 20-SSOP so it might be able to be soldered by a hotplate or hot air rework tool.

Many Atmel and other microcontrollers have a built-in ADC, but those are at most 10 bit ADC, so that ADC is useless to us -- we are forced to use an external ADC.

The newest system is a dc amplifier without a high-pass, and all the low-pass filtering is digital

The Goal

Eventually, kits could be sold, if there were interest. More info is available at the PCEEG SourceForge home page at PCEEG sourceforge.net.


See also:

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