|−|== Open Circuits == |+|
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|−|Open Circuits is a wiki for sharing [[open source electronics]] knowledge, schematics, board layouts, ports and parts libraries. Please help us to build this resource by submitting your descriptions, projects, instructions, techniques, board layouts, PCB footprints, and other documentation for electronics. This includes |+|
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|−|* [[Projects]]: open hardware [[Music Player]]s, [[atomic microscope]]s, [[PC]], [[PDA]], [[Open Mobile Gadgets|mobile phone]]s, etc. |+|
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|−|* [[Ideas]]: including [[Basic Circuits and Circuit Building Blocks]] -- Circuits you will use over and over. |+|
|−|* [[Techniques]]: for doing things, often using [[hardware tool]]s or [[software tool]]s or both. |+|
|−|* [[Components]]: Lists of components, where to purchase them, how to use them. For many components there are links to projects using that particular component, this is especially true for [[microcontroller]]s, for example follow the links down to PIC microcontrollers and you will find many project links as well as tutorials. General tips on [[connectors]], [[battery|batteries]], [[enclosures]], as well as more specific information on [[Popular Parts]]. |+|
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|−|Many of the section titles are active links, click on them. |+|
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|−|* [[Test Equipment and Other Equipment]] See what is going on in your circuits, charge your batteries, etc. |+|
|−|* [[Tutorials]] How to understand and plan what you are doing. These are for general theory, more specific information is linked to its topic. |+|
|−|* [[PCB Footprints]] Don't reinvent the wheel. Known working open PCB footprints for various components. |+|
|−|* [[HackerSpaces]] And hacker orgnizations. These are the white hat guys hacking electronics to make things. Includes DIY types, the people who read Make Magazine. |+|
|−|* [[Got A Blog, Wiki or Website?]] Link to it on the [[Got A Blog, Wiki or Website?]] or [[WikiNode]] page. |+|
|−|* [[Got a Technical Question?]] Perhaps it will be answered, perhaps not. Google for it first in the spirit of RTFM. Please do not ask us to do a school project for you. |+|
|−|ALL Electronics and Microcontroller circuits --[http://www.npeducations. com npeducations] |+|
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|−|== Meta Open Source == |+|
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|−|[[Meta Open Source]]: |+|
|−|Not projects or information on projects, but stuff about Open Hardware Initiatives and the open source movement ( mostly hardware ) itself. |+|
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|−|The '''Open Source Movement''', typically covers '''Open Hardware''', '''Open Firmware''', and '''Open Software'''. |+|
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|−|'''Open Hardware''' is similar to '''[http://www. gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html Free] and [http://www.opensource.org/docs/definition. php Open Source Software]'''. |+|
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|−|The '''Open Firmware''' movement provides firmware (i. e. : micro-code specifically related to the subcoding of hardware devices) which you may also know as '''soft-IP''' or '''FPGA''' coding see [http://www. opencores.org Open Cores] for more details. |+|
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|−|Excellent examples of specific Open Hardware projects are listed on our [[Projects]] page. |+|
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|−|Discussions of more general open-hardware ideas are on a few pages here, such as |+|
|−|[[open source electronics]], [[Ideas]], [[Meta Open Source]], etc. |+|
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|−|Just as many important pieces of open-source software are, in turn, used to develop software (including more open-source software), |+|
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|−|many important open-hardware devices are, in turn, used to develop hardware devices (including more open-hardware devices) -- |+|
|−|such as [ [Oscilloscope#Open Source Oscilloscopes]]. |+|
|−|There's also a bit of crossover, in that [[software tool]]s (many of them open-source software) are often used to develop open-source hardware. |+|
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|−|=== Licenses === |+|
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|−|The most common "open hardware" licenses are the [http://creativecommons.org/licenses/ Creative Commons Licenses] and the [http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/gpl.html GNU General Public License]. |+|
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|−|The GNU people wrote the [http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-faq.html#DoesTheGPLAllowMoney the GPL FAQ] |+|
|−|to deal with common questions and misunderstandings of the GPL. |+|
|−|The GNU people go on to say |+|
|−|: "We encourage people who redistribute free software to charge as much as they wish or can. If this seems surprising to you, [http://www. gnu. org/philosophy/selling.html please read on. " -- GNU: "Selling Free Software"] |+|
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|−|For example, Linksys makes money selling (among other things) their [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linksys_WRT54G_series Linksys WRT54G series] routers, which use Linux under the GPL license. |+|
are that you can you . for the . the a .
|−|To understand what your entitlements and responsibilities are under the applicable license(s); each hardware, firmware and/or software piece you have either copied, modified, developed using tools provided or if you intend distributing your development, you '''MUST''' read each and every license, and be specifically aware that you may not mix such license(s) together unless they can co-exist under one umbrella license. For example you may modify, copy, enhance and distribute parts your project which are all under the same license e. g.: or . |+|
|−|Some people are working on licenses that are specifically designed for "open hardware". |+|
|−|"Open Source Hardware (OSHW) Draft Definition 1.0"[http://freedomdefined.org/OSHW]. |+|
|−|Wikipedia: "Open Hardware License"[http://daivx.webchuyennghiep.net/dam-cong-so-cho-mua-he] |+|
|−|"CERN Open Hardware License"[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/CERN_Open_Hardware_License][http://www.ohwr.org/documents/88] |+|
|−|and the "TAPR Open Hardware License"[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/TAPR_Open_Hardware_License]. |+|
|−|David L. Jones has a short video that discusses open-source hardware[http://www.eevblog. com/2011/08/12/eevblog-195-open-source-hardware-explained/] and mentions several licenses, including the |+|
|−|CERN Open Hardware Licence[http://www.ohwr.org/projects/cernohl/wiki]. |+|
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If the grocery aisles leave you scratching your head in terms of what you should be eating in order to be healthy, you are in good company. The topic of nutrition can get complex, as some information seems to conflict with each other. The tips below will help you learn more about nutrition.
Fat provides flavor. Lots of foods that take fat out replace it with added sugar or other unhealthy sweeteners. Therefore, if you see a food item that is low-fat, you need to read the food label to see if any of these things have been added to it.
Include natural Greek yogurt as a way to get more protein. Greek yogurt is a very good condiment and can substitute for sour cream in recipes. Instead of using ingredients that are creamy, try substituting the creamy ingredient with the yogurt. Using Greek yogurt can add protein to your meals without any extra meat.
Diabetics have lots of challenging nutrition needs. Those needs can be handled by being sure to eat regularly to keep blood glucose levels in the right range. They need to eat lots of fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grain products and dairy products with limited fat in them. They have to eat about the same time each day.
All you have to keep in mind is these five things for good nutrition. That five is the amount of servings per day that you should be aiming for when it comes to fruits and vegetables. Five servings may seem excessive; however, the serving size is really quite small. A half-cup of many fruits constitutes a serving.
You should eat potassium rich foods including bananas, tomatoes and beans. How does potassium help? Its effects can ward off serious diseases like diabetes and heart disease because it helps lower and stabilize your blood pressure. Dairy products also contain ample amounts of potassium.
Ginger is a good natural remedy to motion sickness. Ginger comes in capsules. Taking 1,000mg of ginger an hour before leaving and for every three hours after that is ideal. This will help you feel much better and keep you alert during your trip. Ginger teas and candies are good alternatives.
Fiber is like a wonder drug for your body, improving many of your systems and helping you to fight off heart disease and obesity. Excess fats and cholesterol are either absorbed or purged from the system by a diet with plenty of soluble fiber. Men should try to consume approximately 30 grams of fiber every day, and women should consume around 20 grams. You can get plenty of fiber by consuming a healthy diet with large portions of fruits, vegetables and whole grains. If that is not an option for you, then you should purchase fiber supplements.
Quitting your addiction to soda and junk food can be very difficult, but it is important for good nutrition. It's easy to get into the habit of eating junk food over the years because it is designed to provide quick satisfaction. Make sure that you have the determination to fight off cravings well into a diet. Instead of giving into these cravings, focus on the benefits of the healthy alternatives.
There are diet trackers on the web that can do a great job of helping you track each meal. If you happen to notice that you are going in the wrong direction, look back and see what foods you ate. Only if you eat just a little make it count with healthy foods. Simply being aware of what you are eating and adjusting your intake of various food groups will provide you with a foundation for a healthier lifestyle.
There are many diets that you can go on to help you eat healthier. What is good for a person may not be good for the next one. Use the tips in this article to get started on eating a solid nutritional diet.