Light-emitting diode

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Revision as of 14:42, 16 October 2012 by 142.165.8.16 (Talk)

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A light emitting diode is the most popular kind of optoelectronics.

To make the LED light up, you need a power supply (any voltage) and a resistor.

The resistance required is as follows: R = (U_power - U_led) / I_max

Example: a LED with voltage drop of Uled=1.2V and a max current of I_max=0,020A (20mA) to be powered by a 5V DC source needs:

R = (5-1.2)/.02 = 190 ohm

You then connect a 190 ohm resistance in series with the LED to make it work.

Contents

POV

POV display

throwies

Several other wiki discuss how to turn LEDs into "throwies"(little blinking LED devices that attach to outdoor structures via magnets):

sensor

A few people use LEDs in an unusual way: as sensors.

5.0v - 3.3V voltage drop via red LED

The average red LED has a 1.7V voltage drop. This property can be (ab)used to power very small 3.3V IC's from a 5.0V power supply -- put the LED in series with the 5V line.

further reading

LEDs used normally: to emit light:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LED

LEDs used "in reverse": as light sensors:

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